Baclayon was the first municipality to be established in Bohol by the Spaniards and included originally the areas now made up by the municipalities of Alburquerque, Balilihan, Corella, and Sikatuna. Its original name was Bacayan, from the root word bacay, meaning “detour” in reference to the fact that travellers used to make a detour there around a rocky cliff.

In 1595, two Jesuit priests, Juan de Torres and Gabriel Sanchez, arrived in Bohol to convert the local populace to Catholicism. With native help, they built a stone church which is considered as one of the oldest stone churches in the Philippines, and marked the beginning of the town. In 1600, Moros raided the fledgling settlement, which prompted the Jesuits to relocate their residencia to Loboc.

In 1717, Baclayon gained status of a parish. In 1742, Tagbilaran was separated from Baclayon, followed by Alburquerque in 1868, Balilihan in 1828, and Corella in 1884.


Municipality of Baclayon: Local Government


To strengthen a dynamic and responsible Local Government Unit with a commitment to provide a more progressive life to its people by enhancing the town’s human resources, environment and preserving its cultural heritage.


A sustainable eco-cultural tourist destination with an empowered and God-loving people who stand for responsible stewardship over material things and humble of their cultural heritage in their quest for an efficient and effective governance aiming to create an economically sound, peaceful and orderly community.

Facts And Figures

Location Southern Part of Bohol
Congressional District 1st District
Number of Barangay’s 17 Barangay’s
Income Classification 4thClass ( Per Bureau of Local Government Finance 2008 )
Average LGU Annual Income P30,413,152.00
Total Municipal Land Area 3,365 Hectares
Timberland Area None
Soil Cover Faraon, Bolinao and Lugo Clay
River Basin Tagbuane RB
Population 18,015 ( 2007 NSO Census )
19,608 ( 2010 Projected )
22,599 ( 2015 Projected )
Average Population Growth Rate 2.88% (2000-2007)
Total Number of Households 3,546 ( 2007 Census )
Major Industries Farming, Fishing
Literacy Rate 95.6%
Language Dialect Boholano ( Binisaya )
Main Source of Potable Water Groundwater
Water Supply L1 Facilities – Serving 5,664 People
L2 Systems – Serving 448 People
L3 Systems – Serving 7,109 People
Potable Water Demand 1,912 Cubic Meters Per Day ( CUM/D ), CY 2007
3,159 CUM/D ( CY 2030 Projection )
Water Demand for Irrigation None
Energization Status ( as of CY 1999 ) 17 (100%) Barangay’s Energized
3,946 Total Number of HH Served
100% HH Connections Served ( December 2009 )
No. oF HH w/ Accessed To Sanitary Toilets 2,765 ( CY 1998 )
Drainage and Sewerage System None
Number of Secondary School 1 ( CY 2008 )
Number of Primary/Elementary 6 ( CY 2000 )
Religion/Religious Affiliation 97% Roman Catholic ( CY 2000 )
Number of Barangay Health Stations 5 (29.4 %)
Number of Day Care Centers 15 ( 88.2% )
Carpable Areas ( No Data Yet Submitted By LGU )
Total Road Length 77.89 Kilometers
Total Number of Bridges 9
Communication Systems Pldt, Globe Lines, and Cruztelco Telecommunications Facilities Have Their Own Respective Households Subscribers Within The Municipality