Baclayon was the first municipality to be established in Bohol by the Spaniards and included originally the areas now made up by the municipalities of Alburquerque, Balilihan, Corella, and Sikatuna. Its original name was Bacayan, from the root word bacay, meaning “detour” in reference to the fact that travellers used to make a detour there around a rocky cliff.

In 1595, two Jesuit priests, Juan de Torres and Gabriel Sanchez, arrived in Bohol to convert the local populace to Catholicism. With native help, they built a stone church which is considered as one of the oldest stone churches in the Philippines, and marked the beginning of the town. In 1600, Moros raided the fledgling settlement, which prompted the Jesuits to relocate their residencia to Loboc.

In 1717, Baclayon gained status of a parish. In 1742, Tagbilaran was separated from Baclayon, followed by Alburquerque in 1868, Balilihan in 1828, and Corella in 1884.

Municipality of Baclayon: Local Government


To strengthen a dynamic and responsible Local Government Unit with a commitment to provide a more progressive life to its people by enhancing the town’s human resources, environment and preserving its cultural heritage.


A sustainable eco-cultural tourist destination with an empowered and God-loving people who stand for responsible stewardship over material things and humble of their cultural heritage in their quest for an efficient and effective governance aiming to create an economically sound, peaceful and orderly community.

Facts And Figures


Southern Part of Bohol

Congressional District

1st District

Number of Barangay’s

17 Barangay’s

Income Classification

4thClass ( Per Bureau of Local Government Finance 2008 )

Average LGU Annual Income


Total Municipal Land Area

3,365 Hectares

Timberland Area


Soil Cover

Faraon, Bolinao and Lugo Clay

River Basin

Tagbuane RB


18,015 ( 2007 NSO Census )

19,608 ( 2010 Projected )

22,599 ( 2015 Projected )

Average Population Growth Rate

2.88% (2000-2007)

Total Number of Households

3,546 ( 2007 Census )

Major Industries

Farming, Fishing

Literacy Rate


Language Dialect

Boholano ( Binisaya )

Main Source of Potable Water


Water Supply

L1 Facilities – Serving 5,664 People

L2 Systems – Serving 448 People

L3 Systems – Serving 7,109 People

Potable Water Demand

1,912 Cubic Meters Per Day ( CUM/D ), CY 2007

3,159 CUM/D ( CY 2030 Projection )

Water Demand for Irrigation


Energization Status ( as of CY 1999 )

17 (100%) Barangay’s Energized

3,946 Total Number of HH Served

100% HH Connections Served ( December 2009 )

No. oF HH w/ Accessed To Sanitary Toilets

2,765 ( CY 1998 )

Drainage and Sewerage System


Number of Secondary School

1 ( CY 2008 )

Number of Primary/Elementary

6 ( CY 2000 )

Religion/Religious Affiliation

97% Roman Catholic ( CY 2000 )

Number of Barangay Health Stations

5 (29.4 %)

Number of Day Care Centers

15 ( 88.2% )

Carpable Areas

( No Data Yet Submitted By LGU )

Total Road Length

77.89 Kilometers

Total Number of Bridges


Communication Systems

Pldt, Globe Lines, and Cruztelco Telecommunications Facilities Have Their Own Respective Households Subscribers Within The Municipality


Source: https://ppdo.bohol.gov.ph/

Thematic Maps

Hazard Maps